Introducing Apple’s most advanced chips, the M3, M3 Pro, and M3 Max


The first 3-nanometer personal computer chips on the market provide significant performance gains, a faster CPU and neural engine, and support for more unified memory. They also introduce a next-generation GPU architecture.

Three CPUs with ground-breaking technologies the M3, M3 Pro, and M3 Max that significantly boost performance and unlock new Mac capabilities were unveiled by Apple. These are the first personal computer chips manufactured using cutting-edge 3-nanometer manufacturing technology, which increases speed and efficiency by enabling the packing of more transistors into a smaller area. The combined M3, M3 Pro, and M3 Max demonstrate the advancements in Apple silicon for the Mac since the introduction of the M1 series of CPUs. 

The next-generation GPU included in the M3 chip series is the largest advancement in Apple silicon graphics architecture to date. In addition to being quicker and more efficient, the GPU also brings a new technique called Dynamic Caching and first-time supports hardware-accelerated ray tracing and mesh shading on Macintosh. Up to 2.5 times quicker rendering times than the M1 chip family are now possible. 


The Neural Engine in the M1 family of chips is 60% faster than the Neural Engine in the M1 family, and the CPU performance and efficiency cores are 30% and 50% faster than those in the M1. Additionally, AV1 decoding is now supported by a new media engine, resulting in more effective and superior streaming video experiences. The M3 series of CPUs adds significant improvements and new capabilities to the recently released MacBook Pro and iMac, maintaining the amazing rate of innovation in Apple silicon.

“The Mac experience has been entirely reshaped by Apple silicon. Performance and power efficiency are the design principles that permeate every part of its architecture, according to Apple’s senior vice president of Hardware Technologies Johny Srouji. “The most advanced chips ever built for a personal computer are the M3, M3 Pro, and M3 Max, with 3-nanometer technology, a next-generation GPU architecture, a higher-performance CPU, faster Neural Engine, and support for even more unified memory.”

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Hardware-Accelerated Ray Tracing, Mesh Shading, and Dynamic Caching Are Features of the All-New GPU

The M3 chip family’s next-generation GPU is the biggest advancement in Apple silicon’s graphics architecture to date. Unlike conventional GPUs, it has Dynamic Caching, which distributes the usage of local memory in hardware in real-time. Only the precise amount of RAM required for each job is consumed when using dynamic caching. This is the foundation of the new GPU architecture, a first for the industry and transparent to developers. The most demanding professional apps and games operate noticeably better because of the considerable increase in GPU usage on average.

Hardware-accelerated ray tracing is made available on the Mac for the first time with the M3 series of CPUs. Applications may produce incredibly lifelike and physically precise visuals by using ray tracing, which simulates the characteristics of light as it interacts with a scene. This enables pro programs to give up to 2.5 times the speed of the M1 family of CPUs, in conjunction with the new graphics architecture. Ray tracing allows for more realistic shadows and reflections, which allows game creators to create more immersive scenes. 

In addition, the new GPU enables hardware-accelerated mesh shading on the Mac, increasing geometry processing efficiency and capabilities and opening the door to more visually complex scenes in graphics-intensive games and apps. All of these improvements and functionalities are made possible by this ground-breaking GPU architecture, which also preserves the renowned power efficiency of Apple hardware. As a matter of fact, the M3 GPU can achieve up to 65% more performance at its peak while consuming almost half the power of the M1 GPU.

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An Accelerated and Enhanced CPU

The performance and efficiency cores of the next-generation CPU are architecturally improved in the M3, M3 Pro, and M3 Max models. Musicians may utilize hundreds of audio tracks, plug-ins, and virtual instruments in Logic Pro, and processes like generating and testing millions of lines of code in Xcode are made even faster by the performance cores, which are up to 30% faster than those in the M1 series

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Routine tasks may now be completed up to 50% faster than before thanks to the efficiency cores, which also enable the system to maximize battery life. When these cores work together, the CPU may achieve up to 35% greater performance at peak power and as low as half the power consumption of M1 while providing the same multithreaded performance.

Superior Unified Memory Architecture with up to 128GB of memory

Apple silicon is known for its unified memory design, which is present in every chip in the M3 series. This offers unparalleled power efficiency, great bandwidth, and minimal latency. All of the technologies in the chip may access the same data without duplicating it between several pools of memory thanks to a single memory pool housed inside a unique packaging. This further improves performance and efficiency and lowers the amount of memory needed by a system for most operations. 

In addition, activities that were before impossible on a laptop are made possible by support for up to 128GB of RAM, such as AI developers working with increasingly bigger transformer models with billions of parameters.

AI and Video Custom Engines

Additionally, the M3, M3 Pro, and M3 Max include an improved Neural Engine that speeds up potent machine learning (ML) models. The M1 series of processors’ Neural Engine is up to 60% quicker, resulting in even faster AI/ML processes while maintaining privacy-preserving data on the device. Robust AI technologies for image processing, such as Topaz’s super-resolution and noise reduction, continue to accelerate. Performance gains are also seen in Final Cut Pro’s Smart Conform and Adobe Premiere’s scene edit recognition.

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A sophisticated media engine is another feature shared by all three M3 family processors. It allows hardware acceleration of the most widely used video codecs, such as H.264, HEVC, ProRes, and ProRes RAW. Additionally, the media engine now supports AV1 decoding for the first time, allowing streaming services to be played back power-efficiently and prolonging battery life.

M3: Superb Efficiency for the Most Adopted Systems

5 billion additional transistors than M2, or 25 billion, are present in M3. With its 10-core GPU and next-generation architecture, it outperforms the M1 by 65% in terms of graphics performance. The lighting, shadows, and reflections in games such as Myst are remarkably lifelike. With four performance cores and four efficiency cores, the M3’s eight-core CPU outperforms the M1 by up to 35%. Additionally, it supports unified memory of up to 24GB.


M3 Pro: For Those Who Require Even Higher Capabilities

When working on more graphics-intensive activities, the M3 Pro’s 18-core GPU and 37 billion transistors combine to give incredibly rapid performance. The GPU outperforms the M1 Pro by up to 40%. Larger tasks may be completed on the MacBook Pro while customers are on the road thanks to support for unified memory that goes up to 36GB. With its twelve-core CPU architecture—six-speed cores and six efficiency cores—it can achieve up to 30% faster single-threaded performance than the M1 Pro. With the new MacBook Pro’s M3 Pro, tasks like stitching together and modifying massive panoramic photographs in Adobe Photoshop are executed more quickly than before.

M3 Max: A Superb Performance Upgrade for the Most Demanding Professional Workloads

M3 Max elevates pro performance to a new level by increasing the transistor count to 92 billion. With support for up to 128GB of unified memory, AI developers may work with even bigger transformer models with billions of parameters. The 40-core GPU is up to 50% quicker than the M1 Max. With 12 performance cores and 4 efficiency cores, the 16-core CPU achieves incredible performance—it can outperform the M1 Max by up to 80%. 


Also, whether working with DaVinci Resolve, Adobe Premiere Pro, or Final Cut Pro, M3 Max’s dual ProRes engines enable quick and seamless video post-production on even the highest-resolution material. The M3 Max is made for professionals who want the best performance possible from a MacBook Pro together with the longest battery life possible for a professional laptop.


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